The Process of Becoming a State
and National Historic Site
By: Kyle B., Sam C., Sam L., and Jason Q..
As everyone knows, The Tappmeyer house might become a historic site and some questions arise. How does it become one? How long will the process take for the Tappmeyer House to become one? Will this be a National Historic Site or just a State Historic Site? What process does the house have to go through?
The method for a place becomes a historic site is if the Secretary of Interior has determined that the site has a nationally significant part in our American history and culture ("National Historic Landmarks Program"). There is no determined time for a place to become a historic site. It is a matter of its importance in our American History. Also, it has to have a “high degree of design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling and association” ("National Historic Landmarks Program"). It also has to represent some great idea or ideal of the American people. They’re mostly picked out by the studies by the national park service. Usually after there decision it takes about six to eight weeks following the Advisory Board’s recommendation ("National Historic landmarks Program").
There are many qualifications in order to become a state or national Historic Site. Age is not the most important factor in determining whether a building is “historic.” To be eligible, the site must be important under one of four things known as criterions (Greenberg). Criterion A is that it must be associate with an important event in American History. Criterion B is that it iassociated with an important individual from our past. Criterion C is that it has the distinctive characteristics of an architectural type or period. Criterion D is that it has yielded information important in pre-history or history (Greenberg 10-11).
There are also traits that do not qualify a property to be a State Historic Site. Cemeteries, birthplaces and graves of historical figures, properties owned by religious institutions, structures that have been moved from their original location, and properties that are less than 50 years old usually are not considered eligible for nomination (Greenberg). There are exceptions though;
“A religious property that is significant because of architectural or historical importance, a building removed from its original location but is significant for its architecture, a birthplace or grave of a historical figure of outstanding importance if there is no other appropriate site associated with that person’s life, and a property within the past 50 years if it is of significant importance all qualify.” (Greenberg)
This shows that the path for a site
to become a special site is fairly long. The Tappmeyer house’s journey
was just as long as any other location’s. The site must be within
the qualifications, and there are many. It must be an important place,
and it must be revered by some people. There are also some places that
cannot become historical sites. It is a very special thing for the Tappmeyer
house, or any place, to become a special historical site.
Greenberg, Gail. "National Historic Landmarks Program Question and Answer Page." 18 April 2003. National Park Service: National Historic Landmarks Program. 21 April 2003 <http://www.cr.nps.gov/nhl/QA.htm>
“National Historic Landmarks Program.” Questions and Answers
About the National Historic Landmarks Program. 2003. 21 Feb.