Act Division a major division of a play
Acting Areas the portion of the stage used by the actors during the play (see resource)
Antagonist the person or force working against the protagonist in a play
Audition a time in which actors demonstrate their abilities in order to try-out for a play
Block coordination of actors' movements on stage
Call the time established for the actors and techies to report to the theatre before a performance
Callback the cast selection process by which actors return for a second try-out
Cast the actors in a play
Cheat/Open Out angling the body slightly toward the audience while still presuming to face the character you are in conversation with
Climax the point at which the conflict can go no further without bringing about a resolution
Cold-Reading a try-out in the actor is asked to read from a scene without having the opportunity to fully prepare
Comedy a humorous play with a happy ending
Concentration the actor's focus on the moment of the play in which he/she is acting
Conflict a struggle between two opposing forces
Cross to move from one place to another onstage
Cue the line or action that triggers another line or action
Curtain Call the moment at the conclusion of a performance when the cast bows to the audience in acknowledgment of the applause
Designer the person(s) who develop the artistic plan that creates the world of the play
Downstage acting area closest to the audience
Drama a serious play
Dramatic Conflict the opposition to the protagonist in a play it may be circumstances or people
Dress Rehearsal the final rehearsal prior to opening night in which the show is run with full technical elements
Duet Scene a scene for two people
Ensemble a group of performers who work together as a team to create a total effect rather than individual performances.
Exposition the information put before an audience that gives the where, when, why, and who facts of a play
Falling Action the series of events following a climax of a plot
Farce a comedy with exaggerated characterizations, abundant physical or visual humor, and often an improbable plot
Focus (Acting) the act of concentrating or staying in character
Genre a division of a particular form of art
Initial Incident the first incident leading to the rising action of the play
Melodrama refers to plays that present a conflict between good and evil with good prevailing
Monologue a story, speech or scene performed by one actor
Mood the overall feeling of the play
Musical Theatre a type of dramatic literature containing music, song and movement
Notes director's comments given after a performance or rehearsal discussing what was good and what still needs work
Objective a character's goal or intention
Off Book rehearsing without a script
On Book rehearsing with a script
One-Act a short play with a beginning, middle and end, usually with no change of scenery or intermission
Opening Situation The first event in a play from which the rest of the plot develops
Plot the events of a play; the story as opposed to the theme; what happens rather than what it means
Polish the phase of rehearsals in which actors perfect movement, line delivery and characterization and in which technical elements are introduced
Posture the stance of a character
Project to make one's voice fill the performance space
Protagonist the principal around whom the action revolves
Rising Action the middle part of the plot leading to the climax
Satire the type of comedy that uses wit, irony, and exaggeration to expose individual or institution folly, vice, or stupidity
Script the written dialogue, description and directions provided by the playwright
Stage Center acting area in the center of the stage
Stage Direction notes in a script of a play indicating stage business and blocking
Stage Left acting area on the actor's left of stage center
Stage Manager the director's liaison backstage during rehearsal and performance, responsible for the running of each performance
Stage Right acting area on the actor's right of stage center
Stock Character established characters, such as young lovers, neighborhood busybodies, sneaky villains, and overprotective fathers, that are immediately recognizable by an audience
Technical Theatre The non-acting aspects of putting on a play or performance
Technicians the people who perform the non-acting aspects of putting on a play or performance
Theme what the play means as opposed to what happens in it
Through Line the major action of a play and one of two elements (conflict being the other) out of which most scripts grow
Tragedy a form of drama in which the main character suffers disaster
Upstage (n) acting area furthest from the audience
Warm-up an activity in which the student focuses attention on limbering up the body, voice, imagination or intellect